Spedan grasps Peter Jones with two hands, 1920-1929

Photo:Mrs. Lewis c1940

Mrs. Lewis c1940

Photo:First trust Settlement 1929

First trust Settlement 1929

Photo:A photo from an unnamed newspaper showing the Oxford Street stike of 1920

A photo from an unnamed newspaper showing the Oxford Street stike of 1920

By Geoff Pilgrim

Bright young graduates and women

During the next ten years Spedan continued to re-decorate and redesign the layout of the shop. He also brought in bright, young graduates as well as employing many women, who had found themselves out of work after the men-folk returned from war. One of the female graduates he employed as a boot buyer, Sarah Beatrice Hunter, became his wife a year after joining the business.

1920 Great Depression

Frequent setbacks dogged the business, in particular The Great Depression of 1920 which nearly brought the shop to the verge of being sold. However Spedan, “a man with plenty of fire in his belly” was not one to give in.

Sharing Knowledge, Gain and Power

He continued with his experiment bringing in innovations such two weeks Spring holiday, fixed pay for staff instead of commission, improving the staff accommodation, ensuring better communication between himself and the staff and increasing knowledge in the business by displaying sales figures. In 1918 he introduced The Gazette of Peter Jones furthering the improvement in communication.

In addition, he established the first Staff Council in 1919, a forerunner of the Partnership Council. This was all the beginning of the sharing of Knowledge, Gain and Power. The profit had improved so much that by 1920 he was in the position to introduce the first profit sharing scheme with his staff in the form of shares in the business of 15% of their salary.

Oxford Street Strike

All this was happening at the same time as staff in Oxford Street, very unhappy with the way they were being treated, went on strike.

Reconciliation

Reconciliation between father and son came about in 1922 when Spedan’s mother persuaded her husband to visit Peter Jones. He was most surprised and impressed by what he found and wrote to his son Oswald,

“The place is a credit to the boy, a very great credit”

A result of this visit was that John Lewis gave Spedan more cash to put into Peter Jones and also brought him back into Oxford Street with a formal one third of the business. This, Spedan eventually converted into two thirds by buying his brother’s share,who wanted to try other avenues. However John Lewis was never told.

In effect Spedan now ran John Lewis and Peter Jones. He officially came into the whole business when his father died in 1928. He then began to combine Peter Jones with John Lewis as a “co-operative society of producers”

First Trust Settlement

Now was the time to embark on the next stage of his plan. Give the business away! This culminated, in 1929, with the signing of the First Trust Settlement and the John Lewis Partnership was born.

This page was added by Geoff Pilgrim on 27/08/2014.

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